Unsustainable today’s modern agriculture and aquaculture display the greatest danger to species and biological systems around the globe.
Negative natural effects of unsustainable farming techniques.
Agriculture affects the environment in multiple ways.
– Land conversion & habitat loss
– Wasteful water consumption
– Soil erosion and degradation
– Climate change
– Genetic erosion
One of the essential natural worries with current farming needs to do with the chemicals we put on crops and what happens when those harvests wind up in the watershed. Pesticides and different chemicals are regularly used to deliver more harvests, and these pesticides don’t simply fall on the yields and remain there: they are transported by means of wind and water and influence the encompassing biological systems.
HOW DOES AGRICULTURE IMPACT ON ENVIRONMENT –
Ultimately, the environmental impact depends on the production practices of the system used by farmers. … Some of the environmental issues that are related to agriculture are climate change, deforestation, genetic engineering, irrigation problems, pollutants, soil degradation, and waste.
Image Courtesy – socratic.org
Negative environmental impacts from unsustainable farming practices like Land conversion & habitat loss. Wasteful water consumption. Soil erosion and degradation.
Fertilizer Pesticide problems, Water logging, Salinity. … Agriculture includes preparation of soil for the cultivation of crops, harvesting crops, breeding and raising livestock, dairying, and forestry.
There are two major types of agriculture are:
a) Traditional agriculture
b) Modern or Industrialized agriculture
THE EFFECTS OF MODERN AGRICULTURE –
There are two main problems with modern agriculture
On the off chance that water remains ashore for the greater part of the year, it is called waterlogging.
In waterlogged conditions, pore-voids in the dirt get loaded with water and soil-air gets exhausted. In such a condition the underlying foundations of plants don’t get enough air for breath. Waterlogging additionally prompts low mechanical quality of soil and low product yield.
Reasons for WATERLOGGING –
- Over the top water supply to the croplands
2. Overwhelming precipitation
3. Poor seepage
MEASURES TO PREVENWATERLOGGINGNG
1.Keep away from and avert the top water system
2. Sub-surface waste innovation
3. Bio-waste by trees like Eucalyptus
Water not consumed by soil is vanished abandoning a thin layer of disintegrated salts in the best soil. This is called saltiness of the dirt. Saline soils are portrayed by gathering of dissolvable salts like sodium chloride, calcium chloride, magnesium chloride, sodium sulfate, sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonates. Saline conditions are shown when pH is more prominent than 8.0
Issues IN SALINITY –
Saline soils yield less harvest
To cure the state of saline soils the accompanying two procedures might be utilized:
Salt store is evacuated by flushing with great quality water
By utilizing a sub-surface waste framework, the salt water is flushed out gradually.